The True Context

Of Ancient History

If ancient Rome was controlled by an oligarchy, and that oligarchy controlled all publishing, that changes the way ancient history must be researched.

This website is designed to provide information regarding the true context of ancient history, particularly the history of ancient Rome and early Christianity. When an individual studies ancient literature, especially that of ancient Rome, they may notice that important and critical details appear to have been left out by the author, such as dates, names, and specific locations, which is confusing. A historical researcher should be somewhat frustrated and should wonder why the ancient authors would choose to write about a certain event or person and then leave out important details.

Academia seems to accept this as just being the way the ancient authors wrote. But there are many examples where speculations and misunderstandings could have been prevented if the ancient authors had been clear and specific, i.e. by stating dates and/or names without leaving the information open to more than one interpretation. The ancient authors chose what to write about and chose what information to include, but with critical details left out, an important question that needs to be asked is did the authors deliberately write this way, and if so, why?

One very important reason is genealogies. By leaving out important details, or providing them in a non-forthright way, the ancient Roman authors made it appear that certain individuals were not of royal blood, but still managed to become the emperor of Rome. An example of that is Emperor Vespasian, who is presented by Roman historians as a military man who had "risen" to become Emperor, but that is not true. Presenting Emperor Vespasian as a commoner gave ordinary soldiers the hope that they too could perhaps one day, possibly, become emperor, the reality, however, was that Vespasian was already a royal, as this genealogy shows. Other genealogies on this website will show that all the Roman emperors and historians were related to each other and were members of the aristocracy.

The information you will find on this site is not based on ideology, wishful thinking, or emotion. It is based not only on relevant scholarship and any consensus of experts in the field but also on the reading of primary texts. Using empirical evidence to draw conclusions and taking a scientific and well-reasoned approach towards this work is essential at all times.

Recommended reading:

Young's Analytical Concordance of the Bible
Africa, Thomas W, Rome of the Caesars. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1965
Baron, Salo, A Social and Religious History of the Jews, Columbia Univ. Press, N.Y., and Jewish Publication Society, Philadelphia: 1952
Berry, George Ricker, The Interlinear Greek-English New Testament. USA: Zondervan Publishing House 1976
Birley, Anthony R, Marcus Aurelius, a Biography. Yale: circa 1986 & Birley, Anthony R, Marcus Aurelius, a Biography. Routledge: 1993
Bruno, Bauer, Christ and the Caesars, 1877 – Online Version
Clough, A.H, Plutarch’s Lives. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company 1888
Deiss, Joseph Jay, Herculaneum: Italy's Buried Treasure.New York: Haper&Row 1985
Feldman, Louis H., Josephus: Interpretative Methods and Tendencies found in Evans, Craig A. and Porter Jr, Stanley E. (editors), Dictionary of New Testament BackgroundIllinois: IVP, 2000
Graham, Lloyd M, Deceptions and Myths of the Bible. UK: Bell Publishing Ltd 1979
Hannay, James Ballantyne, The Rise, Deline, and Fall of the Roman Religion. London: Kessinger Publishing 2010
Hay, Malcolm, Europe And The Jews: The Pressure of Christendom Over 1900 Years. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers 1992
Helms, Prof. Randel – Professor and biblical scholar Gospel Fictions

Helms, Prof. Randel, Who Wrote the Gospels
Holland, Richard, Nero: The Man Behind The Myth. England: Sutton Publishing 2000
Hone, William, Editor. The apocryphal book of Barnabas, Lost Books of the Bible. New York: Bell Publishing Co.1979
Huntsman, E.D., The Reliability of Josephus: Can He Be Trusted?. Bringham Young University Studies 36, no. 3: 1996
Jellicoe, Sidney,Studies in the Septuagint: Origins, Recensions, and Interpretations: Selected Essays, With a Prolegomenon (Library of Biblical studies). New York: Ktav Publishers and Distributors Inc 1974
John, Michell, City of Revelation. NY: Ballantine Books 1972
Josephus, Flavius, The Jewish War, Loeb Classical Library Edition
Josephus, Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, Loeb Classical Library Edition
Juvenal and Persius, Loeb Classical Library Edition: 2004
Martial, Epigrams, Book 2. Loeb Classical Library Edition: 1993
McNeil Cooke, Ian, Sun Disc to Crucifix: 1999
Pei, Mario, The Story of Language. London: Unwin Brothers Limited 1966
Piso, Roman, & Gallus, Jay, Piso Christ. USA: Trafford Publishing 2010 (details a wealth of important research material)
Rajak, Tessa, Josephus, The Historian, and His Society. London: Bloomsbury Academic 2002
Reuchlin, Abelard, The True Authorship of the New Testament. USA: 1986
Rohl, David, A Test Of Time: The Bible – From Myth To History. UK: Century Publishing (A Channel 4 Book) 1995

Schiffman, Lawrence H, From Text to Tradition, a History of Judaism in Second Temple and Rabbinic Times. New York: KTAV Publishing House1991
Schulz, Regine, & Seidel, Matthias, Egypt, The World of the Pharaohs. UK: Konemann UK Ltd 1998
St. Augustine, City of God, Modern Library. Random House: 1950
Strong, James, The New Strongs Exhaustive Concordance Of The Bible. Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson Publishers 1990

Suetonius, Lives of the Caesars, Loeb Classical Library edition
Suetonius, Lives of the Caesars. Oxford University Press: 2000
Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars. Penguin Classics: 2007

Syme, Sir Ronald, A chapter called ‘The Bogus Names’ in the book Emperors and Biography – Studies in the Historia Augusta (also available as a paper in the JRS). UK: Oxford University Press 1971

Syme, Sir Ronald, Journal of Roman Studies. (post-1969)
Tacitus, The Annals of Imperial Rome. London: Penguin Classics 1974
Tacitus, The Annals, Loeb Classical Library edition 1989
Tacitus, The Histories, Books 1-3 Loeb Classical Library Edition: 1989
Tacitus, The Histories, London: Penguin Classics 2009
Tannahill, Reay, Sex In History. USA: Scarborough House/Publishers 1992

The Younger, Pliny,the Letters of Pliny the Younger(Letters and Panegyricus), Loeb Classical Library edition: 1989
The Younger, Pliny,the Letters of Pliny the Younger. London: 1963
Townsend, Gavin, Some Flavian Connections, Journal of Roman Studies. 1961
Tropper, Amram, Rewriting Ancient Jewish History: The History of the Jews in Roman times and the New Historical Method. New York: Routledge 2016
Walker, Barbara G, The Woman's Dictionary of Symbols and Sacred Objects. San Francisco, California: Harper 1988
Whiston, William, The Complete Works of Flavius Josephus. London: George Virtue, 1841
William Poole, Gary, Flavius Josephus, Encyclopedia Britannica